Old Testament and New Testament comparisons.
Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD (Jehovah,)
revealed? (Isa. 53:1)
"1. In the year that king Uzziah died I saw the Lord (Adonay) sitting upon a
throne, high and lifted up and his train filled the temple.
2. Above it stood the seraphim: each one had six wings; with twain he covered
his face, and with twain he covered his feet and with twain he did fly.
3. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD
(Jehovah,) of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.
4. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house
was filled with smoke.
5. Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone: because I am a man of unclean
lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips for mine eyes have
seen the King, the LORD (Jehovah) of hosts.
6. Then flew one of the seraphim unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which
he had taken with the tongs fron off the altar:
7. And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and
thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sins purged.
8. Also I heard the voice of the Lord, (Adonay) saying, Who shall I send, and
who will go for us?* Then said I, Here am I; send me.
9. And he said, Go, and tell this people. Hear ye indeed, but understand not;
and see ye indeed, and preceive not.'
10. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their
eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and convert,
and be healed."
V.8-* Who is the 'us' when Jehovah God is speaking here?
Ck. back to Genesis 1:26,27.
"Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.." The next
verse says, "And God made man in his image,..."
Why does it go from plural to singular?
Keep one thing in mind that Jesus said that the Old Testament is about
him in John 5:39,40.
In John 12:37-41, we read these verses that are being quoted from Isaiah
which are now applied to Jesus and yet in the Old Testament we see that they
were applied to Jehovah God Almighty.
"37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not
38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake,
Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord
39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,
40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not
see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I
should heal them.
41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him."
We read in Romans 10:9-13;
"That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt
believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be
For when the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth
confession is made unto salvation.
For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be
For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same
Lord over all is rich unto all them that call upon him.
For whosoever shall call upon the Lord (LORD) shall be saved."
I see that Paul is quoting scripture, and when I get to Romans 10:13; I see that
the scripture quoted is Joel 2:32 which says,
"And it shall come to pass, that whoseoever shall call on the name of the
LORD (Jehovah) shall be delivered (saved): for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem
shall be deliverance (salvation), as the LORD (Jehovah) hath said, and in the
remnant whom the LORD (Jehovah) shall call."
I believe that this scripture that I are going to discuss next would be important
to the Hebrew mind and also to the Christian but in a different way. Let's
discuss it. John 10:7-14 says,
"7 Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the
door of the sheep.
8 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not
9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in
and out, and find pasture.
10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come
that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.
11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
12 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are
not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf
catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.
13 The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.
14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine." John
From these scriptures, I see that Jesus is the good shepherd and to the
Hebew mind, they knew that Jehovah was their shepherd as we see in Psa. 23.
Not only that; Jesus said in these few verses that he was not only their shepherd
but he was the entrance into the sheepfold. He let them know that he was also
the door to the sheepfold. He even said that he gives life to his sheep. This
person is tremendous. He says that he gives life to the sheep. He says that he
gives his life for the sheep and in John 2:19; he says, "Destroy this temple and
in three days I will raise it up."
We see this by reading John 2:21,22;
"21 But he spake of the temple of his body.
22When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that
he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word
which Jesus had said."
So not only does he give his life for the sheep and gives life (Zoe, the God
kind of life) to the sheep, he is the way to get into to this life, this sheepfold.
And now we see that this life that he gives for the sheep, he even raises from
the dead. Awesome! Totally awesome!
Using a few more scriptures to show that God Almighty is the shepherd in the
Old Testament. Isaiah 40:10 says,
"Behold, the Lord GOD (Adonay Yehovih)* will come with strong hand, and
his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work is
He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with
his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with
*Yehovih is a variation of Jehovah, the self-existent or Eternal One and
is used after Adonay and pronounced by the Jews as (God) Elohim in order to
prevent the repetition of the same sound since they elsewhere pronounce
Jehovah as Adonay.
Also: Psalm 23:1, quoting; "The LORD (Jehovah) is my shepherd; I shall not
The Hebrews, Jews knew that they had one shepherd even the Lord God
Almighty and none other.
Isaiah 7:14-- (Prophecy) "Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign;
Behold, a virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name
Matt. 1:21-23-- (Fulfillment) "And she shall bring forth a son, and shalt call
his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins.
Now all of this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of
the Lord by the prophet, saying,
'Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they
shall call his name Immanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.'"
Micah 5:2--(Prophecy) "But thou Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little
among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that
is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from old, from
Matt. 2:6-- (Fulfillment) "And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, art not
least among the princes of Judah; for out of thee shall come a Governor, that
shall rule my people Israel."
Isaiah 40:3-- (Prophecy) "The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness,
Prepare ye the way of the LORD, (Jehovah) make straight in the desert a
highway for our God."
Matt. 3:3, we see that it is used for John the Baptist preparing the way for
Jesus. (Fulfillment) "For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah,
'The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the
Lord, make His paths straight.'"
Isn't it becoming clearer why Jesus said that the writings of Moses and all the
other scriptures were about him as we read in John 5:39,40? Because he is
Jehovah, and that is who the whole bible is about! Jehovah God Almighty!